22-26 October 2018
Hotel Intourist Kolomenskoye 4*
Europe/Moscow timezone

Spherically symmetric double layers and thin shells in Weyl-Einstein gravity. Theory and examples.

24 Oct 2018, 16:35
Petrovskiy-1 hall (Hotel Intourist Kolomenskoye 4*)

Petrovskiy-1 hall

Hotel Intourist Kolomenskoye 4*

Kashirskoye shosse, 39B, Moscow, Russia, 115409
Plenary/section talk Gravitation and Cosmology


Prof. Victor Berezin (Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences)


Victor Berezin, Vyacheslav Dokuchaev and Yuri Eroshenko

      Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences

                        Moscow, Russia

The role of the exact solutions in gravitational theories is impossible to overestimate. But the intrinsically
nonlinear character of gravitational eauations makes solving them a very difficult and problemticc task.
This is why the investigations of the hypersurfaces where the matter energy-momentum tensor undergoes some
discontinuities are so important. The physically interesting discontinuities are jumps (they can be viewed as
an idealization of the shock waves) and thin shells (i.e., $\delta$-function distributions, describing some
idealized matter sources including the potential barriers between two different phases during cosmological phase

The thin shell formalism in General Relativity was elaborated by W.Israel. But, nowadays, the Einstein's theory
is no more the ultimate theory of gravitation. The necessity to include into the gravitational action itegral
the terms, quadratic (and higher order) in curvature tensor, was foreseen by A.D.Sakharov 50 years ago (induced
gravity), and it was confirmed in the series of works by A.A.Starobinsky and Ya.B.Zel'dovich, L.Parker and S.Fulling,
A.A.Grib and V.M.Mostepanenko and many others while considering the quantum processes of particale creation in
cosmology. The selfconsistent treatment of the black hole evaporation discovered by S.W.Hawking also requires inclusion
of such nonliner terms into the action integral. Surely, the first step is to consider the so called quadratic gravity.
In this case the gravitational Lagrangian is the most general quadratic form constructed from the Riemann curvature
tensor and its convolutions (the Ricci tensor and the curvature scalar), it includes also the Einstein-Hilbert linear
term (the curvature scalar) and the cosmological term. It appeared that the quadratic gravity allows the existence of
the hypersurfaces more singular than the thin shells. Namely, the double layers (i.e., $\delta^{\prime}$-distributions)
which are completely forbidden in General Relativity. The general thery of such double layers was elaborated quite
recently by J.Senovilla et al.

Here we resrict ourselves to investigation of the so called Weyl-Einstein gravity, the specific case of the generic
quadratic gravity, when all the quadratic terms are just consituents of the square of the Weyl tensor. This is done
partly because the additional symmetry leads to the less restrictive matching conditions (and, hence, deserves separate
consideration), and also of the importance of this very combination for the cosmological particle creation processes.
For the sake of simplicity (and the physically transparent interpretation) we constructed the theory of the spherically
symmetric double layers and thin shells. The applications are the examples of the thin shells without double layers
and double layers without thin shells. Also we showed that the matching conditions forbid the formation of the null
double layers in Weyl+Einstein gravity.

Primary authors

Prof. Victor Berezin (Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences) Prof. Vyacheslav Dokuchaev (Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences)

Presentation Materials

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